Physical therapy (abbreviated PT) is a branch of rehabilitative health. To clarify, it uses specially designed exercises and equipments to help patients regain or improve their physical abilities.
As a result, PT is appropriate for many types of patients: adults suffering from musculoskeletal disorders (sprains, strains, tendinopathies) to the after effects of a surgery.
Thus, PT is used to improve patients’ physical functions through physical examination, diagnosis, rehabilitation and patient education. It is obviously practiced by physical therapists (known as physiotherapists in many countries).
Physiotherapists aim to:
- Diagnose and manage movement dysfunction in order to enhance physical abilities.
- Restore and maintain optimal wellness & quality of life as it clearly relates to movement and health.
- Prevent the onset of symptoms, and then progression of disabilities that may result from injuries.
Pelvic rehab physiotherapy
The pelvis is an area where the ligaments, pelvic floor muscles and organs influence each other mutually. Furthermore, complaints in this region can seriously hinder you in your daily functioning.
For this reason, patients tend to wait before consulting in this area. To illustrate, pelvic rehab specialization focuses in the assessment and treatment of patients with conditions such as:
- Involuntary loss of urine/feces
- Pelvic pain
- Difficulty with urination/defecation
- Pelvic organ prolapses
- Pain / complaints during intimate relations
- Pregnancy related complaints
Treatment & evaluation tools
Biofeedback works by helping patients to re-educate their pelvic floor muscles in order to improve function and disorders. Consequently, this feedback assists patients to teach them how to strengthen, relax or coordinate their pelvic floor muscles and gain control over muscle function.
Rectal balloon aims to evaluate and train patient’s rectal sensation & compliance. For this reason, PT use it to train defecation patterns in the management of constipation, obstructive / incomplete defecation and incontinence.
Electrical stimulation activates the muscles fibers in order to improve strength, relaxation or reduce pain. Additionnaly, It is used in urge and frequency complaints, such as, overactive bladder.