What is "BPS" model ?
The bio-psycho-social approach systematically considers biological,
psychological, and social factors and their complex interactions in understanding health, illness, and health care delivery.
- Biology (physiological pathology)
- Psycho (thoughts, emotions & behaviours such as psychological distress, fear/avoidance beliefs, current coping methods and attribution)
- Social (socio-economical & environmental, cultural factors such as work issues, family circumstances and benefits/economics)
How is it working ?
To apply the bio-psycho-social approach to clinical practice, the clinician should:
• Recognize that relationships are central to providing health care
• Use self-awareness as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool
• Elicit the patient’s history in the context of life circumstances
• Decide which aspects of biological, psychological, and social domains are most important to understand and promoting the patient’s health
• Provide multidimensional treatment
This model is commonly used in chronic pain, with the view that the pain is a psychophysiological behaviour pattern that cannot be categorised into biological, psychological, or social factors alone.