What is "BPS" model ?
The bio-psycho-social approach systematically considers biological, psychological, and social factors and their complex interactions in understanding health & illness.
- Biology (physiological pathology)
- Psycho (thoughts, emotions & behaviours such as psychological distress, fear/avoidance beliefs, current coping methods and attribution)
- Social (environmental & cultural factors such as work issues, family circumstances and benefits/economics)
How is it working ?
To apply the bio-psycho-social approach to clinical practice, the clinician should:
• Recognize that relationships between those 3 factors are central to providing health care
• Use self-awareness as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool
• Elicit the patient’s history in the context of life circumstances
• Decide which aspects of biological, psychological, and social domains are most important to understand and promoting the patient’s health
• Provide multidimensional treatment
This model is commonly used in chronic pain managament, with the idea that pain is multidimensionnal and cannot be categorised into anatomical factors alone.